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What Is Empathy, Anyway? 14 Great Books, Video and Images That Help Explain It

I was catching up with our team’s messages on Discourse recently when I came across a unique message thread. It wasn’t about trial numbers, FAQs or monthly recurring revenue.

It was about empathy.

Empathy feels so crucial to the Buffer culture, and yet the word doesn’t appear anywhere in our values right now. Maybe that’s because it can feel a bit hard to define.

What exactly is empathy? How is it different than sympathy? And how can we grow in our understanding and expression of it?

As it turns out, these are exactly the kinds of questions our Happiness Heroes were posing and discussing in a new, informal salon they’ve started holding occasionally.

I caught up with Kelly, who proposed the topic of empathy for a recent salon session, to find out the story behind the chat and get the scoop on some amazing resources shared.

Chatting about empathy

The Heroes have had small-scale seminars on everything from mind-mapping to spreadsheets—I’m excited to drop in on one soon. When it was Kelly’s turn to come up with a concept, she knew what she wanted to discuss.

“I had a lot of questions about empathy when it comes to ego, and our value of being a no-ego doer,” Kelly said. “How can you be a no-ego doer but still be empathetic?
How do you say ‘Me too,’ when even in saying ‘Me too’ you’re turning the lens back on yourself?”

During the chat, Kelly shared, “so many people were sharing different pieces of their own experience and what empathy meant to them. At the end of the discussion, Adam said, ‘My heart is full,’ and I think a few of us found ourselves saying, ‘Me too!'”

chatting about empathy
A look at the Happiness team wrapping up their chat about empathy

“We talked about how empathy translates into being a Happiness Hero, but it wasn’t just about Buffer,” Kelly said. “It was about, ‘How do you sit with a friend who’s going through something really terrible?’ ‘How do you show someone you care?'”

14 of our favorite empathy resources

I was grateful to catch up with some incredible empathy resources the Happiness Heroes were sharing amongst themselves, and I’d love to share them with you, also. (I’ve added a few of my personal favorites, too.)

3 picture-perfect empathy images

Sometimes a picture tells you everything you need to know. If you’re a visual learner, maybe one of these images will resonate with you. Each image links to the post from which it came—which means 3 more great empathy resources!

From Yourself Series:

empathy illustrated

By Dave Walker:


From Interaction Design:


3 illuminating empathy videos

For more in-depth explorations of the topic of empathy, there are quite a few great videos.

In this animated short, Brené Brown reminds us that we can only create a genuine empathic connection if we are brave enough to really get in touch with our own fragilities.

Roman Krznaric, author of a book about empathy that you’ll see below, speaks to Google on “Empathy: Why It Matters & How to Get It”

BrenĂ© Brown’s incredibly viral “The Power of Vulnerability” from TEDxHouston shares insights from her research that sent her on a personal quest to know herself as well as to understand humanity.

3 empathy-building books

Read up on empathy with these diverse book selections.

Roman Krznaric argues in Empathy: Why It Matters and How to Get It, that our brains are wired for social connection and that empathy, not apathy or self-centeredness, is at the heart of who we are.

empathy book

In I Thought It Was Just Me (But It Isn’t), BrenĂ© Brown shines a light on the truth that our imperfections are what connect us to each other and to our humanity.

i thought it was just me

The Empathy Exams is a different type of empathy book (and one of my favorites). Leslie Jamison’s essays ask essential (and sometimes uncomfortable) questions about our basic understanding of others: How should we care about each other? How can we feel another’s pain, especially when pain can be assumed, distorted, or performed?

empathy exams

5 empathy-focused multimedia resources

From blog posts to a museum, take your empathy studies further with these resources and exercises.

Blog post: Brain Picking’s “How Kindness Became Our Forbidden Pleasure” is a great overview of what appears to be yet another awesome empathy-related book, On Kindness.

On Kindness

Podcast: In this Design Matters With Debbie Millman audio interview, Milman talks with Simon Sinek, the author of Start With Why

Museum: The world’s first museum dedicated to developing the skill of empathizing is the Empathy Museum, an “experiential adventure space for stepping into the shoes of another person.” It currently tours internationally with a goal of “creating a global revolution of human relationships.”


empathy museum

The museum’s first installation, ‘A Mile in My Shoes,’ is an interactive shoe-shop where visitors are invited to literally walk a mile in the shoes of a stranger while listening to their story.

Juliet, one of our Happiness Heroes, got a chance to check it out in person:

Juliet at the Empathy Museum

Library: Another element of the Empathy Museum online is the world’s only digital Empathy Library. It contains great lists, reviews and ratings of hundreds of books and films, all on the theme of empathy.

empathy library

Exercise: Finally, Kelly shared a unique exercise she had participated in, led by Lee Mun Wah.

In the exercise, participants are paired up and asked to sit in silence, making full eye contact, as another person answered the question, “I first knew I was different when…”

“It was such a poignant exercise because as so many of us had an attentive and caring audience, we opened up and allowed ourselves to be vulnerable and share a bit more deeply than we might have had the subject come up in a two-way conversation. And being on the listening end, it was a challenge to stay silent and show empathy without offering physical touch or words to comfort. What was really beautiful was that when I shared, I felt so much less alone by having someone nod their head with knowing tears in their eyes than having someone say, “Me too” and share their experience.”

What helps you grow in empathy?

Are there any resources or practices that have helped you get a deeper grasp on empathy? We’d love to hear all about them in the comments!

  • Liza Tait-Bailey

    This is an amazing blog post! I totally agree that empathy is crucial quality to human connection, but struggle with getting it right. Even as I type this I realise how many times I am saying I! Thank you for sharing such great resources, it is so important to grow through the words and knowledge of others in order to help those around us.

    • Thanks for checking this one out, Liza! I was pumped to discover so many great resources to explore. :)

  • Shantelle McDonald

    What an amazing compilation of resources! It’s wonderful that your team talks about such involved topics!

    That exercise described at the end reminded me of a song I heard a few weeks ago called “Not Right Now” by Jason Gray. Sometimes the biggest comfort a person can give is to just come alongside someone with a loving attitude.

    Some of the lyrics below and here’s a link to the YouTube video of the song:

    “Don’t tell me when I’m grieving
    That this happened for a reason
    Maybe one day we’ll talk about the dreams that had to die
    For new ones to come alive
    But not right now

    While I wait for the smoke to clear
    You don’t even have to speak
    Just sit with me in the ashes here
    And together we can pray for peace
    To the one acquainted with our grief”

    • Wow, such incredibly powerful lyrics. Thank you so much for sharing this, Shantelle.

  • Thank you for these awesome resources. While I was talking to Matt Allen, he told me about a book called “Daring Greatly” and so I just ordered it today. I was actually going to look for some of BrenĂ© Brown’s TED talks but you brought one right to me :)

    • Daring Greatly is the beeeeeeest! I just finished it myself; I think you’ll love it, Chad!

      • I have a feeling I will! Any other reads you recommend?

  • Brene Brown’s books and talks have always been a great learning tool. And now I can add more! Lots of fantastic reads to add to the reading list. I’m particularly intrigued by the Empathy Museum and can’t wait for it to make its way to this side of the globe! Thank you for sharing these resources on empathy!

  • Nik Crossman

    Empathy is the modern day superhero’s power… such an important skill to cultivate! Thanks for the resources! :]

  • Sylvia

    Empathy has been and continues to be a lifelong lesson for me…I think my aha moment was in college when my closest friend told me, “I know I may be unreasonable and I may not be ‘right,’ but I just want you to be on my side for a moment until I can think straight again, then you can point me back in the right direction.” She just didn’t want to feel alone, and because I knew her heart, I wanted to make sure she felt heard and understood before anything else.

  • Damien

    Empathy is a really powerful tool. I find Cognitive Empathy to be almost a mandatory skill when you are making a product.

  • “What if it that was me” is probably no empathy, this is rational thinking. Maybe empathy one of that thinks you can’t explain rational.

  • Debbie Discovers

    Lovely Buffer post – Thanks Courtney! Perfectly arsenal for me – am challenging any parent who celebrates Christmas to ask their kids to give up their Christmas presents so that a less fortunate child can have a chance to go to school for a year! Teaching Empathy + Video Storytelling to parents and kids at the same time! Join me! :)

  • May Lee

    Wow, I just stumbled onto Buffer recently and am in awe by what you guys do and how you do it together. I’ve watched Berne Brown’s TED talk on The Power of Vulnerability so many times and I always get something new each time. I also found her talk, “Listening to Shame,” another great one for a difficult subject It’s inspiring to see a tech company looking into these aspects of life and personal growth.

  • Such a fantastic list of resources. I will definitely be checking several of these out soon. Thanks, Courtney!

  • Sandra Edmondson

    I will check out these resources. Thank you so much for sharing this list! It’s so useful!

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